What Is Pneumonia?
caused by an
inflammation of the lung caused by infection with bacteria, viruses and other
organisms. Pneumonia is usually triggered when a patient's defense system is
weakened, most often by a simple viral upper respiratory tract infection or a
case of influenza. Infections or other triggers do not cause pneumonia directly
but they alter the mucous lining and encouraging bacterial growth.
Other immune system factors can also make people susceptible to bacterial growth and
Types Of Pneumonia
Bacteria are the most common causes of
pneumonia, but these infections can also be caused by other microbial organisms.
The most common cause
of pneumonia is the gram-positive bacterium
Streptococcus pneumoniae, also
called Pneumococcal pneumonia.
The most common gram-negative
cause of pneumonia is Haemophilus influenzae.
This occurs in
people with chronic lung disease, older people and alcoholics.
General Symptoms of Pneumonia Causes by Bacteria
People with pneumonia caused by
anaerobic bacteria such as which can produce abscesses/ Bacteroides
have prolonged fever and productive cough
Frequently show blood in the
sputum which indicates necrosis (tissue death) in the lung.
About a third
of these patients experience weight loss.
Caused by tiny nonbacterial organisms.
Mycoplasma or Chlamydia pneumoniae and produce mild symptoms with a dry cough.
Most commonly caused by mycoplasma
and usually appears in children and young adults.
General Symptoms of Atypical Pneumonia
Symptoms progress gradually, often beginning with general
Symptoms include fatigue, fever, weakness, headache, nasal discharge, sore throat,
ear ache, and stomach and intestinal distress.
Vague pain under and around the breast
The severe chest pain associated with typical bacterial
pneumonia is uncommon.
cough, but it usually does not produce sputum.
Viruses that can cause or lead to pneumonia
General Symptoms of Pneumonia
Symptoms of pneumonia
that are a
medical emergency include h igh fever, a rapid heart rate, low blood
pressure, bluish-skin and mental confusion.
Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia develop abruptly and may include:
Breathing may become labored and heavy
(in advanced cases)
Coughing up sputum containing pus or
blood in advanced cases, indication of serious infection)
Person may become confused (in advanced
Rapid breathing and heart beat
Severe abdominal pain may accompany
pneumonia occurring in the lower lobes of the lung.
Shortness of breath
General Symptoms of Pneumonia in the
Elderly person who
experience even a minor cough and weakness for more than a day should seek
Older people may have fewer or different symptoms
than younger people have.
Some may exhibit confusion, lethargy
Remedies for Pneumonia
First stage of pneumonia.
fever preceded by a distinct chill; the pulse is full, hard and tense.
to dry, cold winds.
hard, quick and small.
The skin is hot and dry; there is a hard, dry,
teasing and painful cough.
There may be some expectoration present, watery, serous and frothy, may be blood tinged, but not thick.
expectoration indicates that fluid is starting and then Aconite is no
longer the remedy.
Pain that is
hard to bear.
Great restlessness, tossing about, anxiety and
perhaps fear of death.
Indicated in pneumonia and pleuro-pneumonia at
stage of resolution.
coughing is heard all over the
portion of the lungs infected.
difficulty breathing, worse towards morning, must sit up to breath.
Sharp, stitching pains and
Person feels sure that the
next cough will raise the mucus, but it does not.
expectoration with old and very young children
Stitching pains under the
Loose rattling cough and difficult expectoration.
of secretion in the lungs
and inability to raise mucus.
For catarrhal pneumonia of young children where there is plentiful secretion
and inability to raise it.
lung is more often affected
For the first stage before
coughing takes place
Any expectoration it is thin,
watery and blood streaked.
Violent congestions of
the lungs, whether appearing at the onset of the diseases or during its
course, which would show that the inflammatory action was extending.
Corresponds to secondary pneumonias, especially in the aged
High fever, oppressed and hurried breathing.
Very little thirst.
There are extensive
Less of the extreme restlessness and anxiety
of Aconite, but it still there.
For the first and second stage of pneumonia
form of pneumonia
High fever and restlessness like
with great difficulty in breathing, as if the chest
would not expand
Sputum is blood streaked.
For the later stages when resolution does not progress,
when the lung are breaking down
Is a key remedy for pneumonia.
Comes in after Aconite, Ferrum
phosphoricum and Veratrum viride.
Fever continues, but the
skin is not
as hot and the patient not as restless as in Aconite.
Cough is looser and more moist than that of Aconite.
There are usually
hard and dry at times.
Sputum is scanty and rust colored.
Redness of the cheeks, slight delirium and apathy.
Tongue will most likely be dry, and the
person will most likely be dry.
Person will want to keep perfectly quiet.
and attacks the parenchyma of the lung. Right-sided
indicated in the croupous form of pneumonia.
Person dreads coughing and
holds his breath or holds chest to prevent it on account of the pain it
Pains in the chest
are worse by motion and breathing; relieved by lying on the
hurt distant parts of the body .
Phosphorus most commonly
follows Bryonia in pneumonia and is complementary.
complicated by pleurisy (painful inflammation around the lungs) Bryonia is the remedy.
Sulphur naturally follows as the exudate begins to
This is the remedy of the
the fever is
low. third stage, Kali
It is better suited to the
(third stage appears with its thick, yellowish expectoration it is
replaced by second stage, ) Kali sulphuricum
alternation with Ferrum phosphoricum
constitutes a treatment of pneumonia which has been very successful
fluid in the lung .
White, viscid expectoration
is coated white.
More similar to Bryonia than any drug in the symptom of
pains in the chest.
These are worse by motion, but, unlike Bryonia
whether the patient moves or not
More in the lower part of the
shortness of breath
amount of mucus on the chest, raised with difficulty, wheezing and
tormenting cough (if
Antimonium tartaricum and Ipecac fail to raise the expectoration).
Indicated by its well-known
pneumonia (pneumonia following
aspiration of gastric contents).
stools during pneumonia and accompanied by feeling of needing to pass
Expectoration is blood-streaked.
For lobar pneumonia
affects a large and continuous
area of the lobe of a lung.
the remedy when the lungs are completely hepatized ( not consolidation
of tissue into a liver like mass - this is
Byronia); although it is one of the few drugs which have been known to
When bronchial symptoms are present
and with cerebral symptoms during pneumonia
Cough with pain under sternum, as if something were
Pressure across the upper part of the chest and
constriction of the larynx
breathing, sputa yellowish mucus, with blood streaks therein, or rust colored
Hepar sulphur naturally follows as the exudate begins to
soften; it is the remedy of the
the fever is
low. third stage,
Phosphorus follows Bryonia well, being
complementary to it.
Sensation as if the
chest were full of
blood, which causes an oppression of breathing.
Phosphorus should be given in
preference to almost any medicine in acute chest affections in young
and fullness in the upper chest
cough, sharp, sticking pains more on the
Shortness of breath and rust-colored expectoration
Redness and burning heat of the
cheeks, especially in the afternoon.
Hands and feet are either very hot
or very cold
Heart is weak and irregular, there is great engorgement of
the lungs and the congestion is very intense
Used in any stage of pneumonia.
It will prevent, if
given in the beginning, if the symptoms indicate it.
It will prevent hepatization and cause
a slow resolution to react.
When the case
has a typhoid tendency and the lung and the lung tends to break down, where
there are rattling sounds to breathing,
Pus like expectoration.
Slow speech, dry tongue and
symptoms of hectic.
Weakness and faintness are
Shortness of breath occurring at night
between 12 am and 2 am causing the patient to sit up in bed.
of the chest preceding pneumonia.
Useful more in the
beginning of the disease.
Where there is great arterial
excitement, shortness of breath, chest oppression and stomach symptoms of nausea and
he engorgement is profound.
High fever, violent action of
the heart, the pulse is full, hard and rapid.
Tongue has a red
streak down the center (keynote).
Air cells at the bottom of the lobes
fill up with
Pulse is full and hard.
Strike out anxiety and alarm and insert an ugly
delirium with a deeply flushed, bloated face and headache and you have veratrum viride. One must beware not to encourage cardiac depression with